People state many reasons why the wilderness should be preserved. Some argue that, should vulnerable species be extinct, the world of nature would not be diversified enough to deal with future changes in the environment. There are also undoubtedly many more unfamiliar species – various and numerous plants that could be useful for humanity, for example in the field of medicine. However, perhaps the strongest argument for the preservation of the wild world is that it would be completely irresponsible to let it disappear.
A complete understanding of the lives of animals in the wild is also vital for working to eliminate the damage that human activities made to numerous animal and plant habitats. The best way to protect endangered species is to protect their habitats so that complex plant communities and animals can continue to live. However, as the human population is so rapidly increasing in numbers, people are often forced to choose between protecting their own interests and protecting the wild world. But the choice shouldn’t be that hard.
The oldest protected areas are found in North America and Europe, and in many other places in the world, not it is illegal to destroy areas of wildlife and swamps. In the meantime, these areas have become wildlife sanctuaries. Other protected areas include semi-natural landscapes that have a dual role in natural beauty and tourist attractions. Although these areas often need to be significantly changed to meet the needs of visitors, most of them are still protected by communities of the world. In this way, there is enough funding to save specific important habitats and species.
In developing countries, wildlife sanctuaries are a newer phenomenon. Large areas of African savannah are protected and populated by many magical animals. However, the enormous size of these parks makes it difficult to protect animals, especially elephants from hunters.
Preservation of the animal species
Often, wildlife conservation efforts come too late because many animals have become scarce or have disappeared completely after years of damage done by humans. Every year we are witnesses of some species going extinct. However, numerous wildlife conservation programs have led to the return of animals from zoos into the wild.
Sometimes zoos were places where exotic animals were only for the exhibition. Such institutions were, by time, increasingly considered cruel. Today, the best zoos are an integral part of the conservation program. Several animals, classified as exterminated in the wild, can now be found only in zoos where they multiply. These reproductive programs are under serious control so as not to reproduce close-knit animals. Later, individual animals can be sent to other zoos to mate with animals they are not related to and thus saving the entire species.