According to the UN Development Program (UNDP), due to the negative impact of man on the environment, 27,000 species are lost per year, meaning it is 74 species per day, and the extinction rate is 1,000 times higher than the estimated “normal” evolutionary rate of extinction.
Experts warn that, if extinction continues at the present rate, over the next 30 years, 20 percent of today’s plant and animal species could disappear, which could only be compared with the catastrophe that took place 65 million years ago when dinosaurs disappeared.
What society is doing?
An adequate, timely, efficient and organized social reaction to the most serious forms of injuries and threats to the animal world is a necessity. It is also legally regulated at the international level in the form of bilateral and multilateral conventions, as well as at the national level through legal provisions from different branches of law.
The most serious forms of injuries and threats to fauna and the degradation of natural habitats of many animal species are made by irresponsible and even malevolent social groups and individuals. Illegal and unsustainable hunting and fishing, illegal trafficking of endangered animal species, killing and abuse of various animals, but also neglect of those animals that people are obligated to care for, an unsafe provision of veterinary assistance, destruction and pollution of natural habitats and food sources of protected species are some of the human behaviors that contribute to the decline in the population of many animal species, and, ultimately, their disappearance.
International Day of Biodiversity
The International Day of Biodiversity is celebrated on May 22nd all around the world. The International Day of Biological Diversity was set up by the UN to warn the wider public of the importance of preserving biodiversity.
At the 1992 Summit on Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro, the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted, which confirmed the general consensus that biodiversity is the foundation of a healthy environment and sustainable development. Preserved biodiversity contributes to climate regulation, reduces the effect of greenhouse gases, maintains the quality of air and water, and controls droughts and floods.