How our planet will look in 30 years time?

According to the UN Development Program (UNDP), due to the negative impact of man on the environment, 27,000 species are lost per year, meaning it is 74 species per day, and the extinction rate is 1,000 times higher than the estimated “normal” evolutionary rate of extinction.

Experts warn that, if extinction continues at the present rate, over the next 30 years, 20 percent of today’s plant and animal species could disappear, which could only be compared with the catastrophe that took place 65 million years ago when dinosaurs disappeared.

What society is doing?

An adequate, timely, efficient and organized social reaction to the most serious forms of injuries and threats to the animal world is a necessity. It is also legally regulated at the international level in the form of bilateral and multilateral conventions, as well as at the national level through legal provisions from different branches of law.

The most serious forms of injuries and threats to fauna and the degradation of natural habitats of many animal species are made by irresponsible and even malevolent social groups and individuals. Illegal and unsustainable hunting and fishing, illegal trafficking of endangered animal species, killing and abuse of various animals, but also neglect of those animals that people are obligated to care for, an unsafe provision of veterinary assistance, destruction and pollution of natural habitats and food sources of protected species are some of the human behaviors that contribute to the decline in the population of many animal species, and, ultimately, their disappearance.

International Day of Biodiversity

The International Day of Biodiversity  is celebrated on May 22nd all around the world. The International Day of Biological Diversity was set up by the UN to warn the wider public of the importance of preserving biodiversity.

At the 1992 Summit on Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro, the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted, which confirmed the general consensus that biodiversity is the foundation of a healthy environment and sustainable development. Preserved biodiversity contributes to climate regulation, reduces the effect of greenhouse gases, maintains the quality of air and water, and controls droughts and floods.

Links

Linking you to good practice for biodiversity in Kent…

Good practice for biodiversity requires that the natural environment and wildlife is central to every aspect of our day-to-day lives. It is demonstrated when biodiversity is fully considered in all developments, activities, and initiatives being taken forward in Kent. The examples of a  good practice listed down below do not represent the entire extent of biodiversity projects and initiatives being carried in Kent, but it is a great place to get the relevant information. Some examples of good practice in Kent are:

Betteshanger Park

Betteshanger Park Business Development is designed to provide 22,300sqm of quality employment space and a community country park. It will accommodate a range of business types within a high-quality business park environment, managed sustainably for long-term success.

Building for Nature

Increased development pressures are affecting the whole South East. SEEDA’s Building for Nature project aims to minimize the impact of building development on the environment and to seek positive gains for our wildlife in new developments.

Kent Design Guide

This good practice guide requires us to think in innovative ways about the integration of land use and transportation; of mixed-use developments and the use of ‘brownfield’; the role for town centres; community participation in the development process; and the careful use of resources – such as energy and water – in the construction and the whole-life use of buildings.

Kent Sustainable Business Partnership

The Kent Sustainable Business Partnership has been created to provide programs and help for Kent companies to improve environmental performance and economic competitiveness.

Remember

Every fourth species of mammals on Earth is threatened by extermination, and before the extinction. For plants, this goes up to 50 percent! The biggest dangers for the animal and plant life are poaching and animal trafficking, a business that each year brings between five and eight billion dollars and whose victims are over 350 million plants and animals. We need to develop an awareness of the importance and conservation of the living world, and at the same time to conquer and apply clean technologies.

Get Involved

If you are interested in getting involved in this kind of action, feel free to contact us or to get in touch with other groups, organizations, or locals in your community. We do have a few ideas where you could start if you are interested so be sure to check them out down below:

Where to start

Volunteer with the Kent Wildlife Trust or become a member: take your family on a wildlife fun day at one of the 4 visitor centers in Kent or a wildlife-walk and have great fun and educational time with your loved ones. Volunteer with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds or become a member: carry out a survey of the birds that visit your garden and help RSPB to monitor bird numbers in Kent.

Volunteer with Natural England and help to conserve a National Nature Reserve near you. Volunteer with the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers: train as a pond warden and provide advice to pond owners in your area. Record where and when you catch sight of wildlife and send your record to the Kent & Medway Biological Records Centre. Take part in Kent Shoresearch with the Kent Wildlife Trust: scour the coastline for wildlife.

Contact your local countryside project to find out more about practical conservation projects near you: take part in planting a hedgerow, restoring a reedbed or building a toad fence… (Kentish Stour Project, Kent High Weald Project, Medway Valley Countryside Project, Medway Swale Estuary Partnership, Mid Kent Downs Project, North West Kent Countryside Project, Romney Marsh Countryside Project, Thanet Coast Project, White Cliffs Countryside Project).

Find out more about how to conserve wildlife in your area: take part in activities with the Kent Bat Group, the Kent Mammal Group, Kent Badger Groups, Kent Ornithological Society or Kent Reptile & Amphibian Group. Enjoy your time and find the right fit for you and we are sure you won’t be disappointed. If you have a desire to get involved follow that and experience some new adventures.

Creating Areas for Nature

Why create an area for nature?

Kent is renowned for its natural beauty and for the wide green spaces that sustain our native wildlife. However, the value of small green spaces closer to home should not be underestimated. The threat of climate change and the fact that more and more species of British wildlife are becoming endangered due to loss of habitat make the creation and welfare of wildlife areas ever more important. The additional benefits that you can gain from making a wildlife area are enormous. Designing, creating and looking after your very own green space instills a feeling of ownership which can improve mental as well as physical wellbeing.

Who can use this pack?

Anyone! Even the smallest piece of ground can be transformed into a valuable habitat for nature. Whether you want to encourage wildlife within school grounds, in a community space, in your own back garden or merely on a small rooftop, you will find ideas here that can be adapted to suit your needs. In addition to the importance of these areas in relation to health, there are many more features that greenery “performs or stimulates” in urban areas. One of them is certainly the creation of a pleasant ambience of public spaces in which the residents have the opportunity to spend a certain amount of their time and realize social contacts and perform various social interactions.

How do I use the information pack?

The following pages aim to provide a step-by-step guide to creating and maintaining a space for nature, and the information to seek further guidance if necessary. You will also find links for further research on the topic, and for more information on the wildlife, you will be attracting.

Each PDF contains several bookmarks to the left-hand side which will allow you to skip straight to the section you require e.g. Ponds

Health and safety

Please do keep health and safety issues in mind when planning your activities. Make a careful judgment on how you involve children.

As with most outdoor activities, there are potential hazards attached and risk assessments should be carried out prior to any work taking place. Safe use of tools and any necessary protective clothing and equipment should also be considered. Take the time to fully understand all the safety measures you need to take and follow in order to achieve your goal. Don’t be shy to share your goals with others around you and get the help you may need.

Sourcing your materials – why buy local products?

Try to choose products that have not had a detrimental effect on the environment. For example, if you are not producing your own compost, buy it from your local waste recycling site – bags can be purchased at most sites. Local woodland products such as hazel pea sticks and chestnut fence posts should be used instead of bamboo or tanalized softwood, and FSC certified timber ensures that your wood has come from a sustainable source. Ask your Countryside Management Partnership for details (see below). Of course, you may find all sorts of materials in your garden shed that can be recycled and used to fantastic effect. Check what you already have before buying in new products for any activity.

When planning a project in your grounds we would urge you to consider using locally-produced materials wherever possible. Doing so not only puts money into the local economy but also means that your products will have traveled fewer miles, reducing the carbon footprint of the project.

Kent’s Countryside Management Partnerships

Across the county, Kent’s Countryside Management Partnerships, supported by Kent County Council, the Kent Eco-Schools Project and the London Borough of Bexley, have collaborated to produce this pack on behalf of the Kent Biodiversity Partnership. If you have any questions regarding the creation of your natural area, please contact your local Partnership for help and advice (see section 1). Alternatively, email cmp@kent.gov.uk for general inquiries about the pack. We welcome any feedback.

Your actions do matter, and always will

A healthy environment is a basis for the preservation of human existence and sustainable development societies. It is the nature that surrounds us, as well as what man created using its science and technology to meet their needs.

Our needs are diverse, growing and constantly changing with the development of technology. Unfortunately, resources to meet these needs are getting smaller while at the same time the negative impact of people on the environment is growing. Today’s society is in everyone consumer sense: buying, consuming, accumulating trash, without thinking and rationalization. In order for this to change, we need to change each one of us your habits.

What should we do to make a difference?

However, not only are habits that need to change: it is necessary to define good and sustainable “Green” laws aimed at rational consumption, reducing global pollution and global climate change. Because our planet is polluted. This means that there are many harmful matters in nature around us whose cause is human activity and negligence, or natural processes that are harmfully affecting the quality of the environment and human health.

When clean water is available to us, we do not think about its value and importance. For most people, water simply springs out of the fountain. Do you know that 97 percent of the water on our whole planet is salty (not for consumption), and only 3 percent is fresh water? The largest amount of fresh water is “chained” to the glaciers, as much as 2 percent. So, only 1 percent of water from the lake, river, and stream, and those underground is used for consuming, and without water our life is unimaginable.

Only when we realize that the preservation of our environment is important for us and for the quality of life we live and which will be our children’s lives – then things can change for the better. That’s why we need to know, to be and stay informed, to change. If everyone does it, just a little bit for ourselves, it will mean a lot for nature and for the future of our planet and every living being on it. Let’s go together on the path of responsibility because that is how we can keep, protect and improve the environment, the conditions for the life of humans and the survival of the plant and animal world.

Preserving the wild world

People state many reasons why the wilderness should be preserved. Some argue that, should vulnerable species be extinct, the world of nature would not be diversified enough to deal with future changes in the environment. There are also undoubtedly many more unfamiliar species – various and numerous plants that could be useful for humanity, for example in the field of medicine. However, perhaps the strongest argument for the preservation of the wild world is that it would be completely irresponsible to let it disappear.

Habitat protection

A complete understanding of the lives of animals in the wild is also vital for working to eliminate the damage that human activities made to numerous animal and plant habitats. The best way to protect endangered species is to protect their habitats so that complex plant communities and animals can continue to live. However, as the human population is so rapidly increasing in numbers, people are often forced to choose between protecting their own interests and protecting the wild world. But the choice shouldn’t be that hard.

The oldest protected areas are found in North America and Europe, and in many other places in the world, not it is illegal to destroy areas of wildlife and swamps. In the meantime, these areas have become wildlife sanctuaries. Other protected areas include semi-natural landscapes that have a dual role in natural beauty and tourist attractions. Although these areas often need to be significantly changed to meet the needs of visitors, most of them are still protected by communities of the world. In this way, there is enough funding to save specific important habitats and species.

In developing countries, wildlife sanctuaries are a newer phenomenon. Large areas of African savannah are protected and populated by many magical animals. However, the enormous size of these parks makes it difficult to protect animals, especially elephants from hunters.

Preservation of the animal species

Often, wildlife conservation efforts come too late because many animals have become scarce or have disappeared completely after years of damage done by humans. Every year we are witnesses of some species going extinct. However, numerous wildlife conservation programs have led to the return of animals from zoos into the wild.

Sometimes zoos were places where exotic animals were only for the exhibition. Such institutions were, by time, increasingly considered cruel. Today, the best zoos are an integral part of the conservation program. Several animals, classified as exterminated in the wild, can now be found only in zoos where they multiply. These reproductive programs are under serious control so as not to reproduce close-knit animals. Later, individual animals can be sent to other zoos to mate with animals they are not related to and thus saving the entire species.